You Don’t Need Pesticides and Chemical Fertilizers
The evidence is mounting that what kills bugs can seriously affect and even kill people. Is it possible to live well without these substances? Definitely.
Controlling Pests On Trees & Shrubs
Most trees and shrubs have been surviving insects for many thousands of years. To help them without using pesticides: Pick off infested leaves and take them away. In late fall or early spring, remove any small branches that contain the grayish egg bands of the tent caterpillar. Scrape the egg bands off larger limbs with a knife. Use a garden hose to direct a strong stream of water against trees and shrubs to dislodge insects. To make your own safe insecticide, add 2 tablespoons of ordinary soap flakes (NOT laundry detergent) to a liter of water and saturate the infested leaves.
Controlling Pests On Lawns
Dig out weeds by hand. Keep your lawn well watered and fertilized.
Controlling Pests In The Garden
Grow plants that are well adapted to your climate, soil conditions and available light-levels. Plant in the fall or early spring, when the pest populations are low. To keep cutworms away from tomatoes, peas, cabbage and beans, remove both ends from tin cans and sink the cans around the plants.
Rotate crops each year to prevent the soil from being depleted of nutrients and control soil-borne diseases. Use soap flakes to dislodge or suffocate insects, as described above. Hoe regularly. Throughout the garden, plant marigolds and other members of the Chrysanthemum family as well as aromatic plants such as chives, dill, nasturtiums, geraniums, thyme, basil, celery, mint, garlic, and onions. They will protect plants from a variety of insects.
Controlling Pests In The Backyard
With the West Nile virus and Lyme disease epidemic, it is particularly important to remove breeding areas. These steps can help you to reduce the populations:
W. A. Shapiro